Airborne Alt a 1 Dynamic and Its Relationship with the Airborne Dynamics of Alternaria Conidia and Pleosporales Spores

Concepción De Linares, David Navarro, Rut Puigdemunt, Jordina Belmonte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Fungal spores are universal atmospheric components associated to allergic reactions. Alternaria (Ascomycota) is considered the most allergenic spore taxa. Alt a 1 is the major allergen of Alternaria and is present also in other Pleosporales. In this study, standard Hirst-based sampling and analyzing methods for measuring spore daily concentrations of Alternaria, Curvularia, Drechslera-Helminthosporium, Epicoccum, Leptosphaeria, Pithomyces, Pleospora and Stemphylium (all included in the taxon Pleosporales) have been used as well as two high-volume samplers, Burkard Cyclone (2017) and MCV CAV-A/mb (2019–2020), and ELISA kits for measuring the allergen. The detection and quantification of Alt a 1 was only possible in the samples from the MCV sampler. Although Alt a 1 was better correlated with Alternaria spores than with Pleosporales spores, the three of them showed high correlations. It is shown that there is a high and significant correlation of Alt a 1 with temperature, a negative correlation with relative humidity and no correlation with precipitation. The aerobiological monitoring of these three elements ensures the best information for understanding the affectation to allergy sufferers, but, if this is not possible, as a minimum public health service aimed at the detection, treatment and prevention of allergies, the study of the airborne Alternaria spores should be ensured.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • allergens
  • Alt a 1
  • Alternaria
  • Pleosporales
  • Fungal spores
  • aerobiological samplers
  • Allergens
  • Aerobiological samplers
  • QUANTIFICATION
  • OLEA-EUROPAEA POLLEN
  • MAJOR ALLERGEN
  • BETA-BARREL PROTEIN
  • BIRCH POLLEN
  • FUNGAL SPORES
  • ALT-A-1
  • RESPIRATORY ALLERGY
  • EXPRESSION
  • fungal spores
  • PHEOHYPHOMYCOSIS

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