Ahistorical homology and multiple realizability

Sergio Balari, Guillermo Lorenzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Taylor & Francis. The Mind-Brain Identity Theory lived a short life as a respectable philosophical position in the late 1950s, until Hilary Putnam developed his famous argument on the multiple realizability of mental states. The argument was, and still is, taken as the definitive demonstration of the falsity of Identity Theory and the foundation on which contemporary functionalist computational cognitive science was to be grounded. In this paper, in the wake of some contemporary philosophers, we reopen the case for Identity Theory and offer a solution to the problem of multiple realizabilty. The solution is based on the necessity, at the time of establishing identity relations, of appealing to the notions of “homology” and “analogy” developed in the nineteenth century by Richard Owen. We also suggest that these notions are useful in order to correct certain shortcomings of some recent attempts at rebutting the Multiple Realizability argument.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)881-902
JournalPhilosophical Psychology
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Ahistorical Homology
  • Analogy
  • Historical Homology
  • Identity Theory
  • Multiple Realizability

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