Agreement of amyloid PET and CSF biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease on Lumipulse

Daniel Alcolea, Jordi Pegueroles, Laia Muñoz, Valle Camacho, Diego López-Mora, Alejandro Fernández-León, Nathalie Le Bastard, Els Huyck, Alicia Nadal, Verónica Olmedo, Frederic Sampedro, Victor Montal, Eduard Vilaplana, Jordi Clarimón, Rafael Blesa, Juan Fortea, Alberto Lleó

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2019 The Authors. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc on behalf of American Neurological Association. Objective: To determine the cutoffs that optimized the agreement between 18F-Florbetapir positron emission tomography (PET) and Aβ1-42, Aβ1-40, tTau, pTau and their ratios measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on the LUMIPULSE G600II instrument, we quantified the levels of these four biomarkers in 94 CSF samples from participants of the Sant Pau Initiative on Neurodegeneration (SPIN cohort) using the Lumipulse G System with available 18F-Florbetapir imaging. Methods: Participants had mild cognitive impairment (n = 35), AD dementia (n = 12), other dementias or neurodegenerative diseases (n = 41), or were cognitively normal controls (n = 6). Levels of Aβ1-42 were standardized to certified reference material. Amyloid scans were assessed visually and through automated quantification. We determined the cutoffs of CSF biomarkers that optimized their agreement with 18F-Florbetapir PET and evaluated concordance between markers of the amyloid category. Results: Aβ1-42, tTau and pTau (but not Aβ1-40) and the ratios with Aβ1-42 had good diagnostic agreement with 18F-Florbetapir PET. As a marker of amyloid pathology, the Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio had higher agreement and better correlation with amyloid PET than Aβ1-42 alone. Interpretation: CSF biomarkers measured with the Lumipulse G System show good agreement with amyloid imaging in a clinical setting with heterogeneous presentations of neurological disorders. Combination of Aβ1-42 with Aβ1-40 increases the agreement between markers of amyloid pathology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1815-1824
    JournalAnnals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
    Volume6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

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