Cardiac autonomic nervous system plays a major role in maintaining hemodynamic and electrophysiological stability to changing demands. There is increasing evidence showing that imaging cardiac autonomic nervous system can evaluate patients with different cardiac conditions, including ischemic heart disease, arrhythmias and heart failure (HF), with high prognostic value, thus providing a potential tool for improving patient management. Excellent reviews on cardiac autonomic imaging with SPECT and PET tracers have been recently published. This review is aimed to bring the reader up-to-date on the subject with particular emphasis on the major findings of recent years.
- Heart failure
- Innervation cardiac imaging