Advanced oxidation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-xylene (BTEX) by the extracellular hydroxyl radicals (OH) generated by the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor is for the first time demonstrated. The production of OH was induced by incubating the fungus with 2,6-dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone (DBQ) and Fe3+-EDTA. Under these conditions, OH were generated through DBQ redox cycling catalyzed by quinone reductase and laccase. The capability of T. versicolor growing in malt extract medium to produce OH by this mechanism was shown during primary and secondary metabolism, and was quantitatively modulated by the replacement of EDTA by oxalate and Mn2+ addition to DBQ incubations. Oxidation of BTEX was observed only under OH induction conditions. OH involvement was inferred from the high correlation observed between the rates at which they were produced under different DBQ redox cycling conditions and those of benzene removal, and the production of phenol as a typical hydroxylation product of OH attack on benzene. All the BTEX compounds (500μM) were oxidized at a similar rate, reaching an average of 71% degradation in 6h samples. After this time oxidation stopped due to O2 depletion in the closed vials used in the incubations. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
- Advanced oxidation
- BTEX degradation
- Hydroxyl radical
- Trametes versicolor
Aranda, E., Marco-Urrea, E., Caminal, G., Arias, M. E., García-Romera, I., & Guillén, F. (2010). Advanced oxidation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene isomers (BTEX) by Trametes versicolor. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181, 181-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.114