Adaptation and validation of the Spanish version of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire (SCL CSQ-S)

J. Saurí, M. C. Umana, A. Chamarro, M. D. Soler, A. Gilabert, M. L. Elfström

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5 Citations (Scopus)


© 2014 International Spinal Cord Society All rights reserved. Study design: Cross-sectional validation study. Objectives: To adapt the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire into the Spanish language (SCL CSQ-S) and to examine the relationship between coping strategies, global quality of life and psychological adaptation. Setting: Data were collected through individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) now living in the community who completed their routine follow-up assessment at the Institute Guttmann in Barcelona, Spain. Methods: Forward and backward translation into Spanish of the English version of the questionnaire. Questionnaires of global Quality of Life, Community Integration, Coping, Depression, Anxiety and Functional Independence were administered to 349 adults with paraplegia and 162 adults with tetraplegia. Statistical analysis included confirmatory factor analysis and regression analysis. Results: The factorial structure of the questionnaire was partly verified. The original correlated, three-factor model sufficiently fit the data obtained in this study: χ 2 (48)=109.46; P < 0.001; Comparative Fit Index=0.96; Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.96; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation=0.050 (0.038-0.062); Akaike information criterion = 13.46. Items were found to be good indicators of their respective latent factors, showing adequate factorial charge ranges (between 0.41 and 0.75). The reliability coefficient (Cronbach's a) for the Acceptance subscale was 0.74, for Social reliance 0.76 and for Fighting spirit 0.69. Coping strategies as measured by SCL-CSQ-S contributed to the prediction of outcomes related to adaptation to disability. Conclusion: The results of the study show some evidence for the robustness of the structure of SCL CSQ-S and show that the Spanish version of the questionnaire largely replicate previous results. Coping strategies, especially Acceptance, are related to adaptation to injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-849
JournalSpinal Cord
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2014

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