Aims The use of cocaine as a recreational drug has increased in recent years. The aims of this study were to analyse the prevalence and inhospital evolution of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) associated with cocaine consumption (ACS-ACC). Methods and resultsProspective analysis of ACS patients admitted to a coronary care unit from January 2001 to December 2008. During the study period, 2752 patients were admitted for ACS, and among these 479 were ≤50 years of age. Fifty-six (11.7%) patients had a medical history of cocaine use with an increase in prevalence from 6.8% in 2001 to 21.7% in 2008 (P = 0.035). Among patients younger than 30 years of age, 25 admitted to being users compared with 5.5 of those aged 4550 years (P = 0.007). Similarly, the prevalence of positive urine tests for cocaine was four times higher in the younger patients (18.2 vs. 4.1%, P = 0.035). Acute coronary syndrome associated with cocaine consumption patients (n = 24; those who had a positive urine test for cocaine or who admitted to being users upon admission) had larger myocardial infarcts as indicated by troponin I levels (52.9 vs. 23.4 ng/mL, P < 0.001), lower the left ventricular ejection fraction (44.5 vs. 52.2%, P = 0.049), and increased inhospital mortality (8.3 vs. 0.8%, P = 0.030). Conclusion sThe association between cocaine use and ACS has increased significantly over the past few years. Young adults with ACS-ACC that require admission to the coronary care unit have greater myocardial damage and more frequent complications. © The Author 2011.
- Acute coronary syndrome