Active creb1 promotes a malignant TGFβ2 autocrine loop in glioblastoma

Laura Rodón, Alba Gonzàlez-Juncà, MaríA Del Mar Inda, Ada Sala-Hojman, Elena Martínez-Sáez, Joan Seoane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    50 Citations (Scopus)


    ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research. In advanced cancer, including glioblastoma, the TGFβ pathway acts as an oncogenic factor. Some tumors exhibit aberrantly high TGFβ activity, and the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not well understood. We have observed that TGFβ can induce TGFβ2, generating an autocrine loop leading to aberrantly high levels of TGFβ2. We identified cAMP-responsive element–binding protein 1 (CREB1) as the critical mediator of the induction of TGFβ2 by TGFβ. CREB1 binds to the TGFB2 gene promoter in cooperation with SMAD3 and is required for TGFβ to activate transcription. Moreover, the PI3K–AKT and RSK pathways regulate the TGFβ2 autocrine loop through CREB1. The levels of CREB1 and active phosphorylated CREB1 correlate with TGFβ2 in glioblastoma. In addition, using patient-derived in vivo models of glioblastoma, we found that CREB1 levels determine the expression of TGFβ2. Our results show that CREB1 can be considered a biomarker to stratify patients for anti-TGFβ treatments and a therapeutic target in glioblastoma.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1230-1241
    JournalCancer Discovery
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


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