Previous reports have demonstrated that tetanus toxin (TeTx) induces activation and down-regulation of protein kinase C (PKC). In the present work the differential activation of PKC isoforms and of signal transduction pathways, including nerve growth factor receptor trkA, phospholipase Cγ-1 (PLCγ-1), and extracellular regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK-1/2) by TeTx in a synaptosome-enriched P2 fraction from rat brain is reported. TeTx induces clear translocation from the soluble (cytosolic) compartment to the particulate (membranous) compartment of PKC-β, -γ and -δ isoforms, whereas PKC-ε showed a slight decrease of its soluble fraction immunoreactivity. On the contrary, the PKC-ζ isoform shows no consistent response, whereas down-regulation of total PKC-α immunoreactivity is shown. Immunoprecipitation assays against phosphotyrosine show an increase of trkA and PLCγ-1 phosphorylation. Moreover, trkA activation is corroborated using phospho-specific antibodies against phosphorylated trkA. On the other hand, TeTx-induced stimulation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activity is observed, this event also being detected by Western analysis using phospho-specific antibodies against ERK-1/2. (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 2000|
- Clostridial neurotoxin
- Rat brain
- Signal transduction