Acox2 is a regulator of lysine crotonylation that mediates hepatic metabolic homeostasis in mice

Yuan Zhang, Yuling Chen, Zhao Zhang, Xiang Tao, Sha Xu, Xinyan Zhang, Tinatin Zurashvili, Zhouping Lu, José Ramon Bayascas, Liping Jin, Jianyuan Zhao, Xiangyu Zhou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Acyl-CoA oxidase 2 (Acox2) is an enzyme involved in peroxisomal bile acid synthesis and branched-chain fatty acid degradation. Acox2 knockout (−/−) mice spontaneously developed liver cancer with marked lymphocytic infiltrate. Tandem-affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry analysis revealed that Acox2 interacted with methylcrotonoyl-CoA carboxylase followed by co-immunoprecipitation confirmation. Here we reported that non-histone lysine crotonylation (Kcr) levels were downregulated in Acox2−/− mice livers. Interestingly, Kcr signals were concentrated in the nucleus of tumor cells but mostly located in the cytoplasm of adjacent normal liver cells of Acox2−/− mice. Quantitative analysis of the global crotonylome further revealed that 54% (27/50) of downregulated non-histone Kcr sites were located in mitochondrial (11/50) and peroxisomal (17/50) enzymes including Ehhadh, Scp2, Hsd17b4, Crot, Etfa, Cpt1a, Eci1/2, Hadha, Etfdh, and Idh2. Subsequent site-directed mutagenesis and transcriptome analysis revealed that Ehhadh K572cr might have site-specific regulatory roles by downregulating TOP3B expression that lead to increased DNA damage in vitro. Our findings suggested Acox2 is a regulator of Kcr that might play critical role on hepatic metabolic homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number279
Pages (from-to)279
JournalCell death and disease
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2022


  • Animals
  • Homeostasis
  • Lysine/metabolism
  • Mice


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