Acetylene - Dicobaltcarbonyl complexes with chiral phosphinooxazoline ligands: Synthesis, structural characterization, and application to enantioselective intermolecular Pauson-Khand reactions

Jaume Castro, Albert Moyano, Miquel A. Pericàs, Antoni Riera, Angel Alvarez-Larena, Joan F. Piniella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction of the phenylacetylene - dicobalthexacarbonyl complex (2) with the 4-R-2-(2-diphenylphosphinophenyl)oxazolines 1 (R = Ph) and 4 (R = CH2CH2SCH3) leads to the selective formation of the chelated complexes 3 and 5, respectively. On the other hand, the tert-butyl-substituted phosphinooxazoline 6 acts as a monodentate ligand, and its reaction with several 1-alkyne-derived complexes (2,7 - 10) affords readily separable mixtures of the diastereomer nonchelated complexes 11a,b - 15a,b. The interconversion rate between diastereomeric pairs is dependent on the steric bulk of the alkyne substituent, and neither 3 nor 5 epimerize at room temperature. The structures of both kinds of complexes have been ascertained by a combination of spectroscopical (IR, NMR), X-ray diffraction, and chiroptical methods; this has allowed the development of a practical procedure for the establishment of the absolute configuration of the chiral alkyne - dicobaltcarbonyl complexes obtained by the selective substitution of a carbon monoxide on one of the diastereotopic cobalt atoms. The intermolecular Pauson - Khand reaction of the chelated complexes 3 and 5 with norbornadiene respectively affords the (+) and (-) enantiomers of expected enone adduct 25, but in low enantiomeric excesses. Contrary to that, the tertiary amine N-oxide-promoted intermolecular Pauson - Khand reactions of nonchelated complexes 11a,b - 13a,b give the corresponding norbornadiene- or norbornene-derived adducts both in high yields (85-99%) and enantioselectivities (93-97% enantiomeric excess), in what constitutes a substantial improvement over preexisting procedures for this reaction. The possibility of achieving chiral induction in the Pauson - Khand reaction of symmetrical alkynes (via the corresponding dicobaltpentacarbonyl complexes with ligand 6) has been demonstrated for the first time. An enantioselectivity mnemonic rule and a mechanistic model that explains the observed asymmetric sense of induction have been developed, and have been found to be in agreement with the results of model semiempirical molecular orbital calculations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7944-7952
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume122
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2000

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Acetylene - Dicobaltcarbonyl complexes with chiral phosphinooxazoline ligands: Synthesis, structural characterization, and application to enantioselective intermolecular Pauson-Khand reactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this