ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY AT THE WATERLOGGED SITE OF LA DRAGA (LAKE BANYOLES, NE IBERIA): BAYESIAN CHRONOLOGICAL MODELS INTEGRATING TREE-RING MEASUREMENT, RADIOCARBON DATES AND MICRO-STRATIGRAPHICAL DATA

V. Andreaki*, J. A. Barceló, F. Antolín, P. Gassmann, I. Hajdas, O. López-Bultó, H. Martínez-Grau, N. Morera, A. Palomo, R. Piqué, J. Revelles, R. Rosillo, X. Terradas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sixty-two 14C dates are analyzed in combination with a recently established local floating tree-ring sequence for the Early Neolithic site of La Draga (Banyoles, northeast Iberian Peninsula). Archaeological data, radiometric and dendrochronological dates, as well as sedimentary and micro-stratigraphical information are used to build a Bayesian chronological model, using the ChronoModel 2.0 and OxCal 4.4 computer programs, and IntCal 2020 calibration curve. The dendrochronological sequence is analyzed, and partially fixed to the calendrical scale using a wiggle-matching approach. Depositional events and the general stratigraphic sequence are expressed in expanded Harris Matrix diagrams and ordered in a temporal sequence using Allen Algebra. Post-depositional processes affecting the stratigraphic sequence are related both to the phreatic water level and the contemporaneous lakeshore. The most probable chronological model suggests two main Neolithic occupations, that can be divided into no less than three different phases, including the construction, use and repair of the foundational wooden platforms, as well as evidence for later constructions after the reorganization of the ground surface using travertine slabs. The chronological model is discussed considering both the modern debate on the Climatic oscillations during the period 8000-4800 cal BC, and the origins of the Early Neolithic in the western Mediterranean region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-948
Number of pages42
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Bayesian analysis
  • Neolithic
  • dendrochronology
  • lakeside settlement
  • stratigraphy

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