A two-year follow-up of cognitive deficits and brain perfusion in mild cognitive impairment and mild alzheimer's disease

Montserrat Alegret, Gemma Cuberas-Borrós, Georgina Vinyes-Junqué, Ana Espinosa, Sergi Valero, Isabel Hernández, Isabel Roca, Agustín Ruíz, Maitée Rosende-Roca, Ana Mauleón, James T. Becker, Joan Castell-Conesa, Lluís Tárraga, Mercè Boada

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 15-Objects Test (15-OT) provides useful gradation of visuoperceptual impairment from normal aging through Alzheimer's disease (AD) and correlates with temporo-parietal perfusion. The objectives of this study were to analyze progression of 15-OT performance in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD, and its correlates with cognition and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), as well as to examine neuropsychological and SPECT differences between the MCI patients who developed AD and those who did not. From the initial 126 participants (42/group), 38 AD, 39 MCI, and 38 elderly controls (EC) were reassessed (SPECT: 35 AD, 33 MCI, 35 EC) after two years. The progression of cognitive and SPECT scores during this period was compared between groups, and baseline data between converters and non-converters. The 15-OT was the only measure of progression that differed between the three groups; worsening scores on 15-OT were associated with worsening in verbal and visual retention, and decreased perfusion on left postsubicular area. In the MCI patients, cerebral perfusion fell over the two years in medial-posterior cingulate and fronto-temporo-parietal regions; AD showed extensive changes involving almost all cerebral regions. No SPECT changes were detected in controls. At baseline, the MCI patients who developed AD differed from non-converters in verbal recognition memory, but not in SPECT perfusion. In conclusion, SPECT and 15-OT appear to provide a potential measure to differentiate between normal aging, MCI, and AD. Worsening on 15-OT was related to decreased perfusion in postsubicular area; but further longitudinal studies are needed to determine the contribution of 15-OT as a predictor of AD from MCI. © 2012-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-120
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • 15-objects test
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • brain SPECT
  • cerebral perfusion
  • longitudinal
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • prospective
  • two-year follow-up
  • visuoperception

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    Alegret, M., Cuberas-Borrós, G., Vinyes-Junqué, G., Espinosa, A., Valero, S., Hernández, I., Roca, I., Ruíz, A., Rosende-Roca, M., Mauleón, A., Becker, J. T., Castell-Conesa, J., Tárraga, L., & Boada, M. (2012). A two-year follow-up of cognitive deficits and brain perfusion in mild cognitive impairment and mild alzheimer's disease. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 30(1), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-2012-111850