Herein, we report the biological evaluation of a series of indole substituted hydrazides and hydrazines throughout the assessment of their multipotent inhibitory potency towards monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B, semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase/vascular adhesion protein-1 (SSAO/VAP-1), and the cholinesterases, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). Hydrazine JL72 (3-(3-hydrazinylpropyl)-1H-indole) showed a potent, reversible and non-time-dependent inhibition of MAO-A, which suggests its capacity in restoring serotoninergic neurotransmission being devoid of the side effects observed for classic MAO-A inhibitors. In addition, JL72 behaved as a moderate BuChE inhibitor. Finally, both hydrazines and hydrazides derivatives showed high affinity towards SSAO/VAP-1. Among them, JL72 behaved as a noncompetitive and the most potent inhibitor (IC50 = 0.19 ± 0.04 μM), possessing also a significant anti-inflammatory activity. The combined inhibition of SSAO/VAP-1, MAO (A and B), AChE and BuChE appear as an important therapeutic target to be considered in the treatment of cerebrovascular and neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Wien.
- Monoamine oxidase
- Vascular adhesion protein-1