A sensorimotor stimulation program for rehabilitation of chronic stroke patients

Cristina De Diego, Silvia Puig, Xavier Navarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The hypothesis of this study is that intensive therapy by means of a sensory and motor stimulation program of the upper limb in patients with chronic hemiparesis and severe disability due to stroke increases mobility and sensibility, and improves the use of the affected limb in activities of daily living (ADL). Methods: The program consists of 16 sessions of sensory stimulation and functional activity training in the rehabilitation center, and daily sessions of tactile stimulation, mental imaginery and practice of ADL at home, during 8 weeks. An experimental group (EG) of 12 patients followed this program, compared with a control group (CG) of 9 patients under standard rehabilitation. The efficacy of the program was evaluated by Fugl Meyer Assessment (FMA), Motor Activity Log (MAL) and Stroke Impact Scale-16 (SIS-16) scores, and a battery of sensory tests. Results: The results show that in both groups, the motor FMA and the SIS-16 improved during the 8 weeks, this improvement being higher in the EG. Significant improvements were observed for the sensory tests in the EG. Conclusion: The intensive sensorimotor stimulation program for the upper extremity may be an efficacious method for improving function and use of the affected limb in ADL in chronic stroke patients. © 2013 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-371
JournalRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Rehabilitation
  • chronic paralysis
  • constraint therapy
  • sensorimotor stimulation
  • stroke
  • upper limb

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