A robust audio watermarking scheme based on MPEG 1 layer 3 compression

David Megías*, Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí, Julià Minguillón

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in BookChapterResearchpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper describes an audio watermarking scheme based on lossy compression. The main idea is taken from an image watermarking approach where the JPEG compression algorithm is used to determine where and how the mark should be placed. Similarly, in the audio scheme suggested in this paper, an MPEG 1 Layer 3 algorithm is chosen for compression to determine the position of the mark bits and, thus, the psychoacoustic masking of the MPEG 1 Layer 3 compression is implicitly used. This methodology provides with a high robustness degree against compression attacks. The suggested scheme is also shown to succeed against most of the StirMark benchmark attacks for audio.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    EditorsAntonio Lioy, Daniele Mazzocchi
    Pages226-238
    Number of pages13
    ISBN (Electronic)3540201858, 9783540201854
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    Volume2828
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

    Keywords

    • Audio watermarking
    • Copyright protection
    • Frequency domain methods

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