© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Infrared imaging technology, used both to study deep-space bodies’ radiation and environmental changes on Earth, experienced constant improvements in the last few years, pushing data converter designers to face new challenges in terms of speed, power consumption and robustness against extremely harsh operating conditions. This paper presents a 96.6-dB-SNDR (Signal-to-Noise-plus-Distortion Ratio) 50-kHz-bandwidth fourth-order single-bit switched-capacitor delta-sigma modulator for ADC operating at 1.8 V and consuming 7.9 mW fit for space instrumentation. The circuit features novel Class-AB single-stage switched variable-mirror amplifiers (SVMAs) enabling low-power operation, as well as low sensitivity to both process and temperature deviations for the whole modulator. The physical implementation resulted in a 1.8-mm2 chip integrated in a standard 0.18-µm 1-poly-6-metal (1P6M) CMOS technology, and it reaches a 164.6-dB Schreier figure of merit from experimental SNDR measurements without making use of any clock bootstrapping, analog calibration, nor digital compensation technique. When coupled to a 2048 × 2048 IR imager, the current design allows more than 50 frames per minute with a resolution of 16 effective number of bits (ENOB) while consuming less than 300 mW.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2017|
- Analog-to-digital converter (ADC)
- Class-AB operational amplifiers
- Delta-sigma modulator (DSM)
- Infrared imager (IR)
- Switched capacitors (SC)
Dei, M., Sutula, S., Cisneros, J., Pun, E., Jansen, R. J. E., Terés, L., & Serra-Graells, F. (2017). A robust 96.6-dB-SNDR 50-kHz-bandwidth switched-capacitor delta-sigma modulator for IR imagers in space instrumentation. Sensors (Switzerland), 17(6), . https://doi.org/10.3390/s17061273