A repeated short educational intervention improves asthma control and quality of life

Vicente Plaza, Meritxell Peiró, Montserrat Torrejón, Monica Fletcher, Antolín López-Viña, José María Ignacio, José Antonio Quintano, Santiago Bardagí, Ignasi Gich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 ERS. We assessed the effectiveness of an asthma educational programme based on a repeated short intervention (AEP-RSI) to improve asthma control (symptom control and future risk) and quality of life. A total of 230 adults with mild-to-moderate persistent uncontrolled asthma participated in a 1-year cluster randomised controlled multicentre study. The AEP-RSI was given in four face-to-face sessions at 3-month intervals, and included administration of a written personalised action plan and training on inhaler technique. Centres were randomised to the AEP-RSI (intervention) group or usual clinical practice group. Specialised centres using a standard educational programme were the gold standard group. A significant improvement in the Asthma Control Test score was observed in all three groups (p<0.001), but improvements were higher in the intervention and gold standard groups than in the usual clinical practice group (p=0.042), which also showed fewer exacerbations (mean±SD; 1.20±2.02 and 0.56±1.5 versus 2.04±2.72, respectively) and greater increases in the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire scores (0.95±1.04 and 0.89±0.84 versus 0.52±0.97, respectively). The AEP-RSI was effective in improving asthma symptom control, future risk and quality of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1298-1307
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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