© 2016 Elsevier Inc. Metabolic acid-base disorders are common in emergency and critically ill patients. Clinicians may have difficulty recognizing their presence when multiple acid-base derangements are present in a single patient simultaneously. The anion gap and the strong ion gap concepts are useful calculations to identify the components of complex metabolic acid-base associated to the presence of unmeasured anions. This article presents their definition, normal values, indications, limitations, and guidelines for interpretation of changes in the clinical setting.
|Journal||Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2017|
- Anion gap
- Metabolic acidosis
- Small animals
- Strong ion gap
- Unmeasured anions