Introduction. Missed injuries in trauma patients are injuries not identified during a primary and secondary trauma survey (Advanced Trauma Life Support, ATLS). These injuries are important because of the delay in correct treatment. There is a particulary important sub-group consisting of clinically significant missed injuries, which may cause serious complications in the patient or even death. Material and method. A prospective study on missed injuries and clinically significant missed injuries. The study includes all trauma patients older than 16 years admitted to the resuscitation area or who had died during the first 24 hours. We collected injuries, time of their diagnosis and their treatment for each patient. For injuries detected later than 24 hours (i.e. missed injuries) we specified whether it was a clinically significant missed injury and its possible cause. Results. From March of 2006 to January of 2007, 122 trauma patients were recorded with a mean Injury Severity Store of 20 ± 15.8. Of those, 40.3% had some missed injury, fractures being the most frequent miss (42.7%), followed by chest and abdominal injuries. A clinically significant injury (38.7% of all missed injuries) were found in 17% of trauma patients, the most frequent being spine, abdominal and chest injuries. There is a statistically significant relationship between the presence of missed injuries, high ISS and intubation before or after admission to hospital. Conclusions. The rate of missed injuries and clinically significant missed injuries is high. Severe trauma patients and intubated patients have higher rates of missed injuries.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2008|
- Clinically significant
- Missed injuries
- Missed injury
- Tertiary survey