A Prospective Study of Chronic or Recurrent Headache in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

J. Vázquez‐Cruz, H. Traboulssi, A. Rodriquez‐De la Serna, C. Geli, C. Roig, C. Diaz

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    Abstract

    SYNOPSIS This study was conducted to analyze the prevalence and features of chronic or recurrent headache in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), and also the relationship of such headache with other manifestations of the disease. A total of 76 patients (69 women and 7 men) with a mean age of 40 years (r: 24‐74 years) were included. An overall severity index for SLE was applied. Fifty‐two patients (68%) presented headache, 27 (52%) being vascular and 25 (48%) muscle contraction type. Headache in general was more frequent after the onset of SLE (p<.001). Prevalence of muscle contraction headache in particular was greater following manifestations of SLE. Family history of migraine was recorded in 54% of the patients with vascular headache. This antecedent was more common in patients in whom migraine started before the onset of SLE (p = .05). A greater number of neuropsychiatric symptoms was observed in the patients with vascular headache and family history (p<.02). Patients with thrombocytopenia presented headache less frequently (p<.05). Our results showed headache, of both vascular and muscle contraction types, to be frequent in SLE. We note that there is an increased frequency of muscle contraction headache after the onset of SLE, and that there is a migraine‐like headache directly related to SLE. Migrainous patients with familial history have a greater probability to suffer neuropsychiatric manifestations. Finally, it is suggested that severity of SLE is not related to presence of headache. Copyright © 1990, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)232-235
    JournalHeadache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
    Volume30
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1990

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    Vázquez‐Cruz, J., Traboulssi, H., Rodriquez‐De la Serna, A., Geli, C., Roig, C., & Diaz, C. (1990). A Prospective Study of Chronic or Recurrent Headache in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 30(4), 232-235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.1990.hed3004232.x