Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) refers to an infarction type normally accompanied by massive cerebral edema, and associated with a high mortality rate under conventional therapeutic measures. Both moderate hypothermia and decompressive hemicraniectomy have been shown to significantly improve survival rate, although controversy still persists regarding the criteria for the selection of patients that could benefit from this type of treatment, and whether application of these measures is justified given the residual sequelae. In our centre, both measures are being applied simultaneously for the first time in humans. The present work is a literature review on the results of moderate hypothermia application and decompressive surgical techniques in patients suffering from MMCAI. We also introduce our management scheme for handling these patients in our centre, and propose a final result evaluation protocol that is easily applied in a clinical setting. This protocol includes an evaluation of patients with ischemic lesions specific for the right or left hemisphere, and allows for the description of specific neuropsychological sequelae and their repercussions on patients' quality of life.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|
- Decompressive hemicraniectomy
- Malignant infarction
- Moderate hypothermia
- Neuropsychological assessment
- Quality of life