A proposal for evading the measurement uncertainty in classical and quantum computing: Application to a resonant tunneling diode and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer

Devashish Pandey, Laura Bellentani, Matteo Villani, Guillermo Albareda, Paolo Bordone, Andrea Bertoni, Xavier Oriols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 by the authors. Measuring properties of quantum systems is governed by a stochastic (collapse or state-reduction) law that unavoidably yields an uncertainty (variance) associated with the corresponding mean values. This non-classical source of uncertainty is known to be manifested as noise in the electrical current of nanoscale electron devices, and hence it can flaw the good performance of more complex quantum gates. We propose a protocol to alleviate this quantum uncertainty that consists of (i) redesigning the device to accommodate a large number of electrons inside the active region, either by enlarging the lateral or longitudinal areas of the device and (ii) re-normalizing the total current to the number of electrons. How the above two steps can be accommodated using the present semiconductor technology has been discussed and numerically studied for a resonant tunneling diode and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, for classical and quantum computations, respectively. It is shown that the resulting protocol formally resembles the so-called collective measurements, although, its practical implementation is substantially different.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2300
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Classical computing
  • Mach-Zehnder Interferometer
  • Measurement
  • Quantum computing
  • Quantum uncertainty
  • Resonant tunneling diode

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