In the evolution of Latin F- to h and eventually to φ a crucial element is the exact phonetic nature of F- and subsequent stages in the phonetic change. It will be presented and discussed a fragment of the XIth century in which a wellknown Arabic author provides important metalinguistic information about the pronunciation of continuant back consonants and in particular the glottal fricative [h] by Romance speakers. This information corroborates and generalizes a similar albeit more particular piece of evidence presented and discussed by Diego Catalan in 1968, which also indicates that Spanish speakers had [h] in their phonetic inventories.
- Arabic sources in the history of Spanish
- F > H phonetic change
- Spanish historical phonetics
- Spanish medieval pronunciation