A phonetic information of the 11th century on the [h] of the Spanish

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In the evolution of Latin F- to h and eventually to φ a crucial element is the exact phonetic nature of F- and subsequent stages in the phonetic change. It will be presented and discussed a fragment of the XIth century in which a wellknown Arabic author provides important metalinguistic information about the pronunciation of continuant back consonants and in particular the glottal fricative [h] by Romance speakers. This information corroborates and generalizes a similar albeit more particular piece of evidence presented and discussed by Diego Catalan in 1968, which also indicates that Spanish speakers had [h] in their phonetic inventories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-775
JournalZeitschrift fur Romanische Philologie
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013


  • Arabic sources in the history of Spanish
  • F > H phonetic change
  • Spanish historical phonetics
  • Spanish medieval pronunciation


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