A novel two-stage aeration strategy for Bacillus thuringiensis biopesticide production from biowaste digestate through solid-state fermentation

Laura Mejias, Mònica Estrada, Raquel Barrena, Teresa Gea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel aeration strategy has been developed at lab and bench-scale for Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) derived biopesticides production through solid-state fermentation, using a mixture of digestate and biowaste as substrates. A Box-Behnken design was performed to select key parameters of the spore production process, being temperature and biodegradability the factors with a significant effect. Further tests confirmed the importance of oxygen content for spore production. Thus, a two-stage aeration strategy consisting of a microaeration phase followed by a high-rate aeration period was developed and tested. The production strategy was validated in a 22-L reactor using two different strains (Bt kusrtaki, Btk, and israelensis, Bti), demonstrating the robustness of the protocol. Maximum production of 1.3 x 10(8) spores g(-1) dry matter for Btk and 4 x 10(8) spores g(-1) dry matter for Bti were obtained, representing a final yield of 5 and 29 spores produced per initial CFU, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107644
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • aeration strategy
  • biopesticide
  • circular economy
  • digestate
  • VALORIZATION
  • WASTE
  • COMPOST
  • VALORISATION
  • OPTIMIZATION
  • BIODEGRADABILITY
  • RESPIRATION ACTIVITY

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