A novel method to analyse in vivo the physiological state and cell viability of phototrophic microorganisms by confocal laser scanning microscopy using a dual laser

Laia Millach, Aleix Obiol, Antonio Solé, Isabel Esteve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 The Authors Journal of Microscopy © 2017 Royal Microscopical Society Phototrophic microorganisms are very abundant in extreme environments, where are subjected to frequent and strong changes in environmental parameters. Nevertheless, little is known about the physiological effects of these changing environmental conditions on viability of these microorganisms, which are difficult to grow in solid media and have the tendency to form aggregates. For that reason, it is essential to develop methodologies that provide data in short time consuming, in vivo and with minimal manipulating the samples, in response to distinct stress conditions. In this paper, we present a novel method using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy and a Dual Laser (CLSM-DL) for determining the cell viability of phototrophic microorganisms without the need of either staining or additional use of image treating software. In order to differentiate viable and nonviable Scenedesmus sp. DE2009 cells, a sequential scan in two different channels was carried out from each same xyz optical section. On the one hand, photosynthetic pigments fluorescence signal (living cells) was recorded at the red channel (625- to 785-nm fluorescence emission) exciting the samples with a 561-nm laser diode, and an acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) of 20%. On the other hand, nonphotosynthetic autofluorescence signal (dead cells) was recorded at the green channel (500- to 585-nm fluorescence emission) using a 405-nm UV laser, an AOTF of 15%. Both types of fluorescence signatures were captured with a hybrid detector. The validation of the CLSM-DL method was performed with SYTOX green fluorochrome and electron microscopic techniques, and it was also applied for studying the response of distinct light intensities, salinity doses and exposure times on a consortium of Scenedesmus sp. DE2009.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-65
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Volume268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Autofluorescence signals
  • CLSM
  • Scenedesmus sp. DE2009
  • cell viability
  • environmental parameters
  • phototrophic microorganisms

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