A new amperometric bienzymatic biosensor based on biocomposites for the determination of gluconic acid in wines

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Abstract

A new amperometric bienzymatic biosensor for gluconic acid based on the coimmobilization of gluconokinase (EC 2.7.1.12) and phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.44) by polysulfone membrane entrapment onto the surface of a graphite-epoxy composite is reported. This biosensor represents an alternative to gluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.99.3) based methods, which is no longer commercially available. Measurements were done at an applied potential of +0.800 V, room temperature and phosphate buffer pH 7.50; obtaining a linear response range for gluconic acid extended from 7.0 × 10-6 to 2.5 × 10-4 M. Constructed biosensors showed good reproducibility for calibrations using different electrodes (RSD of 1.74%). Finally, biosensor was applied to real wine samples, and the results obtained were validated by comparison with those provided by a reference laboratory. Good correlation was found when the biosensor results were plotted vs. the reference values (slope = 1.03 ± 0.04, intercept = 0.01 ± 0.02, r 2 = 0.995). © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1207-1212
JournalTalanta
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Amperometric biosensor
  • Bienzymatic
  • Gluconic acid
  • Gluconokinase
  • Wine

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