A naturally occurring HER2 carboxy-terminal fragment promotes mammary tumor growth and metastasis

Kim Pedersen, Pier Davide Angelini, Sirle Laos, Alba Bach-Faig, Matthew P. Cunningham, Cristina Ferrer-Ramón, Antonio Luque-García, Jesús García-Castillo, Josep Lluis Parra-Palau, Maurizio Scaltriti, Santiago Ramón Y Cajal, José Baselga, Joaquín Arribas

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135 Citations (Scopus)


HER2 is a tyrosine kinase receptor causally involved in cancer. A subgroup of breast cancer patients with particularly poor clinical outcomes expresses a heterogeneous collection of HER2 carboxy-terminal fragments (CTFs). However, since the CTFs lack the extracellular domain that drives dimerization and subsequent activation of full-length HER2, they are in principle expected to be inactive. Here we show that at low expression levels one of these fragments, 611-CTF, activated multiple signaling pathways because of its unanticipated ability to constitutively homodimerize. A transcriptomic analysis revealed that 611-CTF specifically controlled the expression of genes that we found to be correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Among the 611-CTF-regulated genes were several that have previously been linked to metastasis, including those for MET, EPHA2, matrix metalloproteinase 1, interleukin 11, angiopoietin-like 4, and different integrins. It is thought that transgenic mice overexpressing HER2 in the mammary glands develop tumors only after acquisition of activating mutations in the transgene. In contrast, we show that expression of 611-CTF led to development of aggressive and invasive mammary tumors without the need for mutations. These results demonstrate that 611-CTF is a potent oncogene capable of promoting mammary tumor progression and metastasis. Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3319-3331
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2009


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