A health evaluation in a colony of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) in the eastern Amazon

Pedro Mayor*, Yvonnick Le Pendu, Diva Anelie Guimarães, Jurupytan Viana da Silva, Hilma Lucia Tavares, Montse Tello, Washington Pereira, Manel López-Béjar, Ferran Jori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study pretends to determine baseline data on the health and mortality of a colony of captive collared peccaries in the Eastern Amazon (Belém, State of Pará, Brazil) during a 65-months survey. Thirty-nine out of 166 animals (23.5%) died and were examined post-mortem. Monthly mortality averaged 1.2%. The highest mortality rate was observed in newborns (74.4%). Abandonment by the mother and aggression were responsible for 24.1% and 13.8% of the total newborn deaths, respectively. Most frequent causes of non-neonatal death were food poisoning (50.0%) due to an episode of accidental bitter cassava leaves ingestion and traumatism due to aggressions between animals (10.0%). Results from serology for different infectious diseases showed that 4.9% (2/41) collared peccaries had antibodies against Brucella spp. and 9.8% (4/41) animals had antibodies to two different Leptospira spp. serovars, butembo and autumnalis. This is the first survey of morbidity and mortality in captive collared peccaries in the Amazon region. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-253
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • Collared peccary
  • Health
  • Mortality
  • Pathology
  • Tayassu tajacu
  • Wildlife production

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