A health evaluation in a colony of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) in the eastern Amazon

Pedro Mayor, Yvonnick Le Pendu, Diva Anelie Guimarães, Jurupytan Viana da Silva, Hilma Lucia Tavares, Montse Tello, Washington Pereira, Manel López-Béjar, Ferran Jori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study pretends to determine baseline data on the health and mortality of a colony of captive collared peccaries in the Eastern Amazon (Belém, State of Pará, Brazil) during a 65-months survey. Thirty-nine out of 166 animals (23.5%) died and were examined post-mortem. Monthly mortality averaged 1.2%. The highest mortality rate was observed in newborns (74.4%). Abandonment by the mother and aggression were responsible for 24.1% and 13.8% of the total newborn deaths, respectively. Most frequent causes of non-neonatal death were food poisoning (50.0%) due to an episode of accidental bitter cassava leaves ingestion and traumatism due to aggressions between animals (10.0%). Results from serology for different infectious diseases showed that 4.9% (2/41) collared peccaries had antibodies against Brucella spp. and 9.8% (4/41) animals had antibodies to two different Leptospira spp. serovars, butembo and autumnalis. This is the first survey of morbidity and mortality in captive collared peccaries in the Amazon region. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-253
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • Collared peccary
  • Health
  • Mortality
  • Pathology
  • Tayassu tajacu
  • Wildlife production

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