A group intervention to reduce intimate partner violence among female drug users. Results from a randomized controlled pilot trial in a community substance abuse center

Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Eva Lligoña, Louisa Gilbert, Marta Torrens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Edita Socidrogalcohol. All rights reserved. Background: A greater proportion of drug dependent women are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) than women in the general population; however, few interventions have been developed to reduce IPV among drug dependent women. Methods: An adapted version of the Women’s Wellness Treatment, to address IPV and depressive symptoms, was piloted in a randomized controlled trial conducted in outpatient treatment program in Barcelona, Spain among 14 women receiving outpatient treatment for a drug use disorder who screened positive for IPV in the previous month. Participants were randomly assigned to receive the 10 session cognitive behavioral therapy (IPaViTCBT) group intervention or treatment as usual. The frequency of IPV, depressive symptoms, substance use, quality of life and health status were assessed at baseline and 1, 3 and 12 months post intervention. Intention to treat analysis was performed. Results: Moderate effects for the intervention were found in reducing psychological maltreatment, increasing assertiveness of IPV and reducing aggressiveness in the partner relationship, and in reducing the frequency of drinking up to 3 months post intervention. The intervention did not significantly reduce the likelihood of any IPV, depressive symptoms, quality of life or self-reported health status, up to 12-months post intervention. Conclusion: This pilot trial suggests some initial support for the 10-session CBT group intervention among IPV victims who received treatment for drug use. Study findings indicate that it is feasible to deliver the intervention in a community substance abuse center. An adequately powered trial is required to replicate these results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-178
JournalAdicciones
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Females
  • Group intervention
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Substance abuse

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