© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab. The quantum decay of a metastable vacuum is exponentially suppressed by a tunneling action that can be calculated in the semi-classical approximation as the Euclidean action of a bounce that interpolates between the false and true phases. For multi-field potentials, finding the bounce is non-trivial due to its peculiar boundary conditions and the fact that the action at the bounce is not a minimum but merely a saddle point. Recently, an alternative tunneling action has been proposed that does not rely on Euclidean bounces and reproduces the standard result at its minimum. Here we generalize this new approach for several scalar fields and demonstrate how its use can significantly improve the numerical calculation of tunneling actions for multi-field potentials.
- cosmological phase transitions
- physics of the early universe