© 2017 The Author(s). Compelling data in the literature from the recent years leave no doubt about the pluridimensional nature of G protein-coupled receptor function and the fact that some ligands can couple with different efficacies to the multiple pathways that a receptor can signal through, a phenomenon most commonly known as functional selectivity or biased agonism. Nowadays, transduction coefficients (log(τ/KA)), based on the Black and Leff operational model of agonism, are widely used to calculate bias. Nevertheless, combining both affinity and efficacy in a single parameter can result in compounds showing a defined calculated bias of one pathway over other though displaying varying experimental bias preferences. In this paper, we present a novel scale (log(τ)), that attempts to give extra substance to different compound profiles in order to better classify compounds and quantify their bias. The efficacy-driven log(τ) scale is not proposed as an alternative to the affinity&efficacy-driven log(τ/KA) scale but as a complement in those situations where partial agonism is present. Both theoretical and practical approaches using μ-opioid receptor agonists are presented.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2017|