Supported liquid membranes (SLMs) have demonstrated all along the years every high selectivity in facilitated transport of metal ions, however, they have some well known limitations, such as the gradual loss of the organic phase to the aqueous solutions. This paper describes two different types of novel membranes developed for the general purpose of separating and concentrating metal ions of interest in order to improve SLM physical and chemical characteristics. Both hybrid (organic-inorganic) membranes and activated composite membranes have been tested for the selective transport of Zn/Cd and Pt/Pd mixtures. For this purpose, different carriers have been used: 2-ethylhexyldithiophosphoric acid and 2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid for the separation of Zn and Cd whereas Aliquat 336 for Pt/Pd mixtures. The choice of these metal couples is related to environmental detoxification and catalyst recovery, respectively. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Activated composite membranes
- Hybrid membranes
- Selective transport