A comparative cost-analysis of initiating pregabalin or SSRI/SNRI therapy in benzodiazepine-resistant patients with generalized anxiety disorder in Spain

José L. Carrasco, Enrique Alvarez, José M. Olivares, Javier Rejas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the relative healthcare costs, from the perspective of the Spanish National Healthcare System (NHS), of initiating treatment with either pregabalin, or SSRI/SNRI, as add-on therapies, in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), who are resistant to benzodiazepine-based therapy (BR). Methods: BR out-patients with GAD (DSM-IV) who were included in a 6-month, prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study were selected for this post-hoc economic analysis. BR was defined as insufficient response, with persistence of symptoms of anxiety (HAM-Anxiety scale≥16), after a G-month course of benzodiazepines. Patients had not been previously exposed to pregabalin or SSRI/SNRI. Healthcare resource utilization (drugs, medical visits, hospitalizations, etc.) associated with GAD was collected at baseline and end-of-trial visits. Related costs were estimated at each visit and adjusted changes were compared using ANCOVA. Results: A total of 128 patients with refractory GAD were treated with pregabalin and 126 SSRI/SNRI. Compared with SSRI/SNRI, pregabalin was associated with significantly lower percentage of benzodiazepines users; 57.0°/o vs 87.3%, p>0.001, and greater reduction in medical visits; -15.1 vs -13.0, p=0.029. Mean total healthcare resource utilization costs decreased significantly in the pregabalin cohort only; -∉289 (p=0.003), although six months costs were not significantly different in both groups; ∉977 vs ∉822, respectively. Conclusion: Initiating treatment with pregabalin was associated with significant reduction in medical visits and total health care resource costs of GAD compared to SSRI/SNRI in BR patients in the Spanish NHS setting. Compared with SSRI/SNRI, pregabalin therapy was accompanied by significantly less percentage of patients on concomitant benzodiazepines therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-174
JournalActas Espanolas de Psiquiatria
Volume41
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Keywords

  • Benzodiazepineresistant patients
  • Comparative cost analysis
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Pregabalin
  • SSRI/SNRI

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