To describe the interference of polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia in a direct HDL-c method. HDL-c was measured by a direct method (Roche Diagnostics) in four HIV-infected patients showing polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and also by precipitation with phosphotungstic acid and ultracentrifugation at a density of 1.063 kg/L. In addition, an electrophoretic lipid profile was performed by an automated electrophoretic system. Direct HDL-c concentration was very low or even nondetectable in all hyperglobulinemic samples. Ultracentrifugation showed a higher HDL-c concentration, and the electrophoretic lipid profile showed a band corresponding to HDL particles whose cholesterol concentration was in concordance with that of ultracentrifugation. Kinetic monitoring of the absorbance for the direct HDL-c method showed a high reading after the first reagent addition and a final absorbance quite close to or even lower than the initial absorbance. Although interference by any HIV therapy drug cannot be completely ruled out, our results showed that when high immunoglobulin concentrations existed in the patient's serum, the direct HDL-c method yielded low or undetectable HDL-c values. The high initial absorbance observed suggested an interaction between immunoglobulins and the first reagent of the method, producing a complex that scattered light and falsely decreased HDL-c concentrations. © 2004 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. All rights reserved.
- Direct HDLc method
- HIV patients
- Polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia