A Bowman–Birk protease inhibitor purified, cloned, sequenced and characterized from the seeds of Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid

Martín Indarte, Cristian M. Lazza, Diego Assis, Néstor O. Caffini, María A. Juliano, Francesc X. Avilés, Xavier Daura, Laura M.I. López, Sebastián A. Trejo

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Main conclusion: A new BBI-type protease inhibitor with remarkable structural characteristics was purified, cloned, and sequenced from seeds of Maclura pomifera, a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the Moraceae family. In this work, we report a Bowman–Birk inhibitor (BBI) isolated, purified, cloned, and characterized from Maclura pomifera seeds (MpBBI), the first of this type from a species belonging to Moraceae family. MpBBI was purified to homogeneity by RP-HPLC, total RNA was extracted from seeds of M. pomifera, and the 3′RACE-PCR method was applied to obtain the cDNA, which was cloned and sequenced. Peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) analysis showed correspondence between the in silico-translated protein and MpBBI, confirming that it corresponds to a new plant protease inhibitor. The obtained cDNA encoded a polypeptide of 65 residues and possesses 10 cysteine residues, with molecular mass of 7379.27, pI 6.10, and extinction molar coefficient of 9105 M−1 cm−1. MpBBI inhibits strongly trypsin with Ki in the 10−10 M range and was stable in a wide array of pH and extreme temperatures. MpBBI comparative modeling was applied to gain insight into its 3D structure and highlighted some distinguishing features: (1) two non-identical loops, (2) loop 1 (CEEESRC) is completely different from any known BBI, and (3) the amount of disulphide bonds is also different from any reported BBI from dicot plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-353
JournalPlanta
Volume245
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • BBI-type protease inhibitor
  • Cloning
  • Homology modeling
  • Loop
  • Three-dimensional structure
  • Trypsin inhibition

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