© 2017 IEEE. 5G technologies present a new paradigm to provide connectivity to vehicles, in support of high data-rate services, complementing existing inter-vehicle communication standards based on IEEE 802.11p. As we argue, the specific signal characteristics of 5G communication turn out to be highly conducive for vehicle positioning. Hence, 5G can work in synergy with existing on-vehicle positioning and mapping systems to provide redundancy for certain applications, in particular automated driving. This article provides an overview of the evolution of cellular positioning and discusses the key properties of 5G as they relate to vehicular positioning. Open research challenges are presented.