3d-printed quasi-absolute electromagnetic encoders for chipless-rfid and motion control applications

Ferran Paredes*, Cristian Herrojo, Ferran Martín

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents electromagnetic encoders useful for chipless-RFID and motion control applications. The encoders consist in a pair of linear chains of rectangular apertures implemented by means of 3D printing. One of these chains is periodic and acts as a clock, whereas the other chain contains an identification (ID) code. With these two aperture chains, the ID code can be synchronously read, so that the relative velocity between the tag and the reader is irrelevant. Additionally, it is shown in the paper that by properly designing the reader, it is possible to determine the motion direction. The sensitive part of the reader is a microstrip line loaded with three complementary split ring resonators (CSRRs) etched in the ground plane and fed by three harmonic signals. By encoder motion, the characteristics of the local medium surrounding the CSRRs are modified, and the harmonic signals are amplitude modulated (AM) at the output port of the line, thereby providing the clock signal (which gives the encoder velocity), the ID code (providing also the quasi-absolute position) and the direction of motion. A fabricated prototype encoder is characterized by reading it with a dedicated reader.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1154
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2021


  • 3D-printing
  • Chipless-RFID
  • Dielectric permit-tivity
  • Electromagnetic encoders
  • Microstrip technology
  • Motion control


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