2009 H1N1: Risk factors for hospitalization in a matched case-control study

Cristian Launes, Juan José García-García, Aina Martínez-Planas, Fernando Moraga, Itziar Astigarraga, Javier Arístegui, Javier Korta, Concepción Salado, José M. Quintana, Núria Soldevila, Ángela Domínguez

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    8 Citations (Scopus)


    In order to compare sociodemographical data and preexisting risk medical conditions in patients requiring hospital admission for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection and those managed on an outpatient basis, a prospective observational, matched case-control study in 36 hospitals of the Spanish National Health Service was conducted from July 2009 to February 2010. Cases were patients aged 6 months to 18 years hospitalized for influenza syndrome, in whom 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus infection was confirmed using real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Controls were patients aged 6 months to 18 years with confirmed 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection managed on an outpatient basis. There were 195 cases and 184 controls. In a multivariate model, hospitalization was more frequent in children aged <2 years (odds ratio (OR), 13.8; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.7-106.4), those with neurological and/or neuromuscular diseases (OR,3.0; 95% CI, 1.1-8.2), and those whose parents had less than a secondary educational level (OR,2.7; 95% CI, 1.4-5.2). Children aged <2 years, children with neurological diseases, and children from families with a lower educational status had a higher risk of hospitalization due to influenza A (H1N1) 2009 infection. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1127-1131
    JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012


    • Children
    • Hospitalization
    • Influenza Avirus
    • Pediatrics
    • Risk factors


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