σ-Silane Platinum(II) Complexes as Intermediates in C−Si Bond-Coupling Processes

Pablo Ríos, Hugo Fouilloux, Josefina Díez, Pietro Vidossich, Agustí Lledós, Salvador Conejero

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Abstract

© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Platinum complexes [Pt(NHC′)(NHC)][BArF] (in which NHC′ denotes a cyclometalated N-heterocyclic carbene ligand, NHC) react with primary silanes RSiH3 to afford the cyclometalated platinum(II) silyl complexes [Pt(NHC-SiHR′)(NHC)][BArF] through a process that involves the formation of C−Si and Pt−Si bonds with concomitant extrusion of H2. Low-temperature NMR studies indicate that the process proceeds through initial formation of the σ-SiH complexes [Pt(NHC′)(NHC)(HSiH2R)][BArF], which are stable at temperatures below −10 °C. At higher temperatures, activation of one Si−H bond followed by a C−Si coupling reaction generates an agostic SiH platinum hydride derivative [Pt(H)(NHC′-SiH2R)(NHC)][BArF], which undergoes a second Si−H bond activation to afford the final products. Computational modeling of the reaction mechanism indicates that the stereochemistry of the silyl/hydride ligands after the first Si−H bond cleavage dictates the nature of the products, favoring the formation of a C−Si bond over a C−H bond, in contrast to previous results obtained for tertiary silanes. Furthermore, the process involves a trans-to-cis isomerization of the NHC ligand before the second Si−H bond cleavage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11346-11355
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • carbene ligands
  • density functional calculations
  • platinum
  • Si ligands
  • silanes

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    Ríos, P., Fouilloux, H., Díez, J., Vidossich, P., Lledós, A., & Conejero, S. (2019). σ-Silane Platinum(II) Complexes as Intermediates in C−Si Bond-Coupling Processes. Chemistry - A European Journal, 25, 11346-11355. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201902226