UNDERSTANDING DISSENT. HERESY AND HERESIOGRAPHY IN THE AGE OF CONFESSIONALIZATION (1522-1564)

Project Details

Description

FROM THE DIET OF WORMS (1521) AND THE CONFESSIO AUGUSTANA (1530) UNTIL THE END OF THE COUNCIL OF TRENT (1564) THE 'NEW HERESIES' WERE PERCEIVED AS EXPRESSIONS OF RELIGIOUS DISSENT AND AS SEDITIOUS MOVEMENTS OF POLITICAL DESTABILISATION OF THE EMPIRE. THIS IS A CRUCIAL PERIOD IN EUROPEAN CULTURAL HISTORY, WITH THE SPREAD OF THE PRINTING PRESS, THE RISE OF THE REFORMATION, THE FLOURISHING OF HERESIOGRAPHY AND THE LITERATURE OF CONTROVERSY, THE CELEBRATION OF RELIGIOUS COLLOQUIA, THE OUTBREAK OF RELIGIOUS WARS, THE CONSOLIDATION OF CONFESSIONAL FRACTURE, THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNCIL AND THE CREATION OF NEW INSTRUMENTS OF SOCIAL DISCIPLINE IN MODERN STATES. THE IDEA OF HERESY HAS HARDLY BEEN ANALYSED FROM THE CATEGORIES AND STRUCTURES OF EARLY MODERN THOUGHT, AND THE TERM IS OFTEN USED IMPRECISELY OR ANACHRONISTICALLY (E.G., AS A DEVIATION FROM 'ORTHODOXY'). IT IS, HOWEVER, CRUCIAL FOR UNDERSTANDING THE GREAT POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY AND FOR EXAMINING THE NEW FORMS OF DISOBEDIENCE AND CONTESTATION OF AUTHORITY, THE REORDERING OF THE MAP OF EUROPE AND THE CRISIS OF THE STRUCTURES OF EMPIRE. IT IS A FOUNDING HYPOTHESIS OF THIS PROJECT THAT, IN HISPANIC CULTURE, HERESY MARKED THE LANGUAGE AND PRACTICES OF WRITING AND THE PROCESSES OF READING AND INTERPRETATION. IT DETERMINED THE FLOURISHING OF CERTAIN GENRES OF DISCOURSE, THE ELABORATION OF A METAPHORICAL IMAGINARY AND A NEW PERCEPTION OF THE PRESENT TIME. THE CONFESSIONAL FRACTURE OCCURS TO A LARGE EXTENT IN THE TEXTUAL SPHERE AND IN THE FORMS OF REPRESENTATION, WHICH IT ALSO SHAPES AND REGULATES. SOME TYPES OF DISCOURSE (E.G., HERESIOGRAPHIES) CAN BE SEEN NOT ONLY AS REGISTERS BUT AS ACTIVE AGENTS IN THIS PROCESS. ONE OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF CONFESSIONALIZATION IN HISPANIC CULTURE WAS THE CONSOLIDATION OF A DOCTRINAL DIGLOSSIA THAT AFFECTED WRITING IN THE VERNACULAR, RESTRICTED THE LIMITS OF SPEACH AND GENERATED A PERSISTENT EFFECT OF CULTURAL SILENCE AROUND HERETICAL THESES. THE GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THIS PROJECT ARE: (1) THE RECONSTRUCTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPTUAL MAP OF HERESY IN THE 16TH CENTURY; (2) THE EXAMINATION OF THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL METAPHORS OF HERESY AND DISSENT; (3) THE ANALYSIS OF THE TEXTUAL MANAGEMENT OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT, THE REPRESENTATION OF CONFESSIONAL FRACTURE AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE SEMANTICS OF THE PRESENT AND OF HISTORICAL TIME; (4) THE ANALYSIS OF DOCTRINAL DIGLOSSIA AND CULTURAL SILENCE IN VERNACULAR WRITING.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/09/2331/08/26

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