The aim of the study is to investigate narrative capacities shown by subjects of different ages. Our research will focus on narrative structures, basically on intentions and motivations that narrator attributes to narrative's characters. It is considered that there are two distinct narrative orientations: one linearly ordering event description a la temporal axis, the other as signalling the consequentiality and meaningfulness of such events according to the vertical axis. Actions descriptions move the plot-line forward. Descriptions of mental states, and emotions or of evaluated outcomes of actions take narrative outside its referential context. In fact, this kind of descriptions shifts focus from the action on to the narrator, basically on the perspective from the narrator views the action description as being related. Nevertheless, action description as well as mental states descriptions or evaluated outcomes are necessary in order to construct narrative. It has been supossed that variable age and, material used to elicit narrative and also modality of production influence children' capacity to attribute mental states to characters and to utter evaluated comments. A cross-section study will be undertake 60 children and 20 undergraduate students will serve as subjects. Children are divided in three groups of age: three to five year-old, six to eight year-old, nine to eleven year-old. Narrative produced by subjects and, elicited by different material and different modality of production (oral and written) will be analysed taking into account linguistic devices
|Effective start/end date||28/12/01 → 27/12/04|
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