The goals of this project are to quantify the effects of alternative fiscal policies. We describe in turn a national project and then two subprojects with a regional flavor. Among the reforms we plan to evaluate are income and social security taxes in Spain. For doing that, we will use a sequential dynamic general equilibrium model built by M. Ferández and C.Polo and calibrated with a social accounting matrix (SAM-90) also built by them. Tin addition, we plan to examine the ability of the model to track down the evolution of main economic variable trough time. Finally, we want to extend the model to include some public goods such as education and take into account the effect of human capital on supply. The goals also include the building of a new dynamic model to include anti-pollution taxes and thest the double dividend hypothesis, namely, the possibility to use the receipts from pollution taxes to alleviate existing taz distortions in the labor market. Unemployment in Europe and Spain has been and still is a major economic problem. Our work aims at decomposing unemployment in cyclical and structural unemployment and explain the evolution of the latter using indicators of "social infrastructure" a concept recently stressed in the growth literature. It is our intuition that some public policies are precisely responsible for the increase in unemployment rates. The methodology used in this project will be standard econometric methods. Finally, we want to evaluate some public policies using the input-output tables for many Autonomous Communities in Spain suggests to use the input-output model to compare the productive structures and evaluate the effects of some UE public policies. Here we plan to start up with just two Communities and extend it to others later on.
|Effective start/end date||19/12/00 → 19/12/03|