Marita Giménez-Candela

Prof. Dr. iuris

    • ICALP. carrer de la Vall Moronta s/n, Facultat de Dret. Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

      08193 Cerdanyola del Vallés (Barcelona)


    Accepting PhD Students

    Calculated based on number of publications stored in Pure and citations from Scopus
    1977 …2021

    Research activity per year

    Personal profile

    Research interests

    A graduate and Doctor in Law from the University of Navarre with an Extraordinary Prize, her Romanist training was forged alongside Alvaro d'Ors, who supervised her doctoral thesis and with whom she began her studies in legal epigraphy. Since 1985, he has regularly attended courses and seminars at the Leopold Wenger Institute of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, where he has always worked under the direction of Dieter Nörr, which has favoured the extension of his scientific interests to other fields of the ancient world, economics and sociology.  She spent a fruitful period of intensive training in ancient history and Latin epigraphy with Gèza Alföldy at the Institut für Alte Geschichte at the University of Heidelberg, where she regularly attended the Papyrology Seminar led by Dieter Hagedorn. She was awarded the "Europa Forschungsstipendium" of the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung in Rome, which enabled her to work at the Deutsches Archeologisches Institut and at the Vatican Library in Rome and the Biblioteca Marucelliana in Florence. The most important research stays have always been understood as a way of learning with other specialists and as a way of broadening one's interests. In short, an intellectual stimulus that is sustained over time.                    

    Her period as Visiting Scholar at New York University, at the Institute for Classical Studies directed by Prof. Michael Peachin, who was a colleague and fellow student of Geza Alföldy in Heidelberg, is in this sense a period that marks a turning point in her career. This period marks a turning point in his intellectual and academic career, as it was the starting point of his renewed interest in the study of the legal position of animals in contemporary legal systems. This interest, which stems from his doctoral thesis on the noxality of criminal slaves (a legal regime identical to that which was practised with slaves), has since 2006-2007 encompassed a double aspect: on the one hand, he introduces the teaching of Animal Law in Spain, which has been followed by an intense dedication to the training of professionals through the Master in Animal Law (on-site: 10 editions; online: 7 editions), the training of PhD students in Animal Law and the creation of: a database on Animal Law. And on the other hand, an intense dedication to academic research in Animal Law, which has resulted in: the publication of many articles, book chapters and books on Animal Law (see details in CV); the founding and uninterrupted direction of a journal on Animal Law (now indexed in Scopus) and the founding and direction of two collections of books on Animal Law: one in Tirant lo Blanch (12 volumes published) and another in the Servei de Publicacions de la UAB (four volumes published and four in press).

    The following is a summary of the chronology of this scientific trajectory in Animal Law, an emerging area of Law, certainly, but nowadays accepted and valued throughout the international scientific and academic community. Most of my articles in recent years have been published in the journal that I founded and direct, as I understood that this was the way to promote and consolidate studies in this speciality. For this reason, although my activity as an author has been tireless, having been published in the journal I direct, this is devalued as a scientific contribution in the sexennials, where these articles do not appear. However, the studies relating to the importance of animal sentience in legal texts, the theory of animal descosification, the extension of the category of legal personality and the studies on animal welfare law in fish, cephalopods and insects are considered as reference contributions.

    The trajectory of the last few years can be summarised as follows:

    -I have been Professor of Roman Law since 1986. 

    -In 1997, by new competition, I won the Chair of Roman Law at the UAB, to the detriment of the local candidate.

    -In 2006 I opened a new line of studies in Animal Law for intellectual and vital coherence. I am a disciple of Alvaro d'Ors and my doctoral thesis, on the subject of noxality, dealt with the procedure followed against the owners of slaves who committed a crime. This procedure is the same as the one followed against the owners of animals who caused damage. I continued to study animals in the field of the Classical World, which I am passionate about, and, during a stay as a Visiting Scholar at NYU, I decided to introduce the study of Animal Law in Spain, as is done in many American Universities (Animal Law), thanks to the help and guidance of Prof. David Favre, who has always guided, advised and accompanied me in all the initiatives I have undertaken over the years. Prof. Favre, the true "father" of Animal Law in the world,

    -In 2006, he introduced animal law for the first time in a law school in Europe. It remains, even today, the only one offered at the Bachelor of Law level. I offer a so-called "elective credit" course. It was a great success with the students. I publish articles in the press. I start to elaborate an Animal Law Programme as an optional subject for the Faculty of Law. It is published in the Teaching Guide of the Faculty of Law, which I developed and designed myself


    -2007-2021, I successfully continue the Animal Law course. The Faculty initiates an adaptation of the Study Plan and I propose Animal Law as an optional subject in the 4th year of the Law Degree. This was approved. I publish articles in scientific journals and collective works.

    -2008-2021, I create the first legal basis for Animal Law, which is still the only one in Europe, although the one at Michigan University is the pioneer in the world. It is hosted in the legal portal, what I intend and achieve is to seek the difference with the animalist websites, which reproduce contents from newspapers, almost always about animal abuse, without elaboration, without critical vision. The web does not reproduce other people's content, it elaborates it, it presents it in a critical and refined way. This is the key and what has made us a highly consulted, respected and valued website.

    -2009-2021, the website is published for the first time. The Affinity Foundation gives me a grant to create the website and the database. I commission the dA logo, which is a very original graphic design. I choose the colour, the design of the website, the contents, the collaborators. From the beginning, the website has a section in which articles, comments on judgements, legislative commentaries, book reviews are published. In other words, a magazine, which has been published uninterruptedly since then: dA. Animal Law (Forum of Animal Law Studies)

    The subject "Animal Law and Welfare", an optional 4th year course at the Faculty of Law at the UAB starts its activity. I was not allowed to call it "Animal Law", because it sounded bad to them, so it appears under the name "Animal Law and Welfare".

    I founded the ADS Research Group (Animals, Law, Society), of an interdisciplinary nature (lawyers, veterinarians, biologists, historians), which was recognised as a consolidated SGR Group by AGAUR (2014-2017). Among other projects, we carried out the reform of Barcelona's urban transport regulations to allow dogs on the METRO ( This Research Group was the seed and starting point for the creation of ICALP (International Center for Animal Law and Policy), which the UAB recognised as CER (Centre d'Ensenyament i Recerca) in 2015.

    -In 2010, the first postgraduate course in Europe was offered, called "Postgraduate in Animal Law and Society". It is bilingual (ESP/ENG)

    -2011-2021, the "Master in Animal Law and Society" is offered. To date, 10 editions of the face-to-face course and 7 editions of the online Master have been carried out uninterruptedly. The online Master is carried out in collaboration with Editorial Tirant lo Blanch, with excellent technical and personal support. It is the only online Master in the world. I have prepared the programme, the contents, looked for the professors, all the teaching material (student guides, guides for the elaboration of the TFM, the syllabus...). It is the only European Masters in this speciality. The only one in the world with an interdisciplinary character. This was an absolutely original idea and content design of mine.

    -In 2011, I organised the first International Congress on Animal Law in Europe ( Afterwards I have organised others, as well as Seminars, Workshops, Webinars, Activities. You can see a punctual register on the web (;

    -In 2014, the first doctoral thesis in Spain on Animal Law was read, directed by me (( Since then I have directed others and currently I have 4 doctoral students in Animal Law ( and the AGAUR awarded us, in 2020, the first Industrial Doctorate of the Faculty of Law (

    -In 2015-2021, I created the ICALP (International Center for Animal Law and Policy), which is international and interdisciplinary. We have been awarded national, European, regional and local projects (

    The Tirant lo Blanch publishing house promotes and publishes the "Animals and Law" collection, which is the first of its kind in Spain. Ten volumes have been published and two are currently in press. Total: 12 ( I commission the ICALP logo

    2017-2021, The journal dA. Derecho Animal (Forum of Animal Law Studies) is hosted on the UAB journal portal and published as OJS with peer review according to the "Creative Commons" license (

    -I publish the article "The Descosification of Animals" (I and II). I elaborate the theory of animal descosification. This is a term that until then had not been used in legal theory in Spain.

    -The website is redesigned, which now has a clear improvement in navigation. All the contents introduced since its creation, which are many, are imported. The database is the only one of its kind in Europe.

    -2018-2021, I create the Animal Law collection in the UAB Publications service. Four books have been published and we have four more in press. The best papers read in the Master are published here (

    -2019-2021, SCOPUS indexes the journal ( It is the first journal in the field of Animal Law to be indexed by SCOPUS. Animal law journals in the USA and one in France have not been indexed.

    -2019, I publish the book "Animal Transition in Spain", with a foreword by Basilio Baltasar, which is the first book in Spain to systematically describe what Animal Law is and how, thanks to everything that has been done, Spanish society has undergone a process of change in sensitivity towards animals, which is culminating in the change in the legal status of animals, which I proposed for the first time in Spain in 2009 (

    -2020, I am publishing the book (in collaboration with Raffaela Cersosimo, whose Master's thesis on this subject I directed) "Teaching Animal Law", with a foreword by Anne Peters. This is the first book on how to build an animal law programme. It is the fruit of all the experience that has been gained. It reveals many of the keys to everything that has been done and stresses a fundamental aspect, namely that the key to changing the legal treatment of animals lies in the systematic, interdisciplinary and integrated teaching of animal law. It goes beyond a guide, manual or list of experiences; it is a profound reflection from the perspective of Law on how knowledge (in teaching and research) on Animal Law can be transmitted.

    I have also completed studies in Latin Philology at the Literary University of Valencia. I speak and write in German, French, Italian and English, as well as Catalan.

    Since the end of her degree studies, she has continuously held teaching posts in different Universities:  Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Navarra, Tutor Professor at the UNED, Acting Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Valencia, Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Valencia (with the number 1 by competitive examination); Professor of Roman Law (unanimously) since 1986 at the Faculty of Law of the University of the Balearic Islands and, since 1998, at the Faculty of Law of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, where she remains at present. Since 2007-2008, he has created at the UAB the course: "Animal Welfare. Comparative Perspective", a pioneer in this type of studies in a Spanish Law School; as well as the course "Global Law: Fundamentals and Principles".

    She has combined these teaching assignments with a tireless and willing dedication to research, which so far has resulted in a consistent line of publications (books and scientific articles) and in the management and participation in specific research projects (national and international), subsidised by the Spanish Ministry of Universities, by foreign institutions (Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung) and by the European Union (Erasmus Project, LEONARDO Project, ALFA Project). She has not disdained the occasional collaboration in publications aimed at the non-specialised public, in order to make known some ideas and principles of classical culture and the Roman roots of European and Latin American legal institutions.

                    Visiting Professor at the Universities of Köln (Germany), Fukuoka (Japan), UNAM (Mexico), Mayor de S.Simón (Cochabamba, Bolivia), Rome "Tor Vergata", New York University. Fellow of the Alexander von-Humboldt Foundation (1992-94); As well as at universities in Germany (Munich, Heidelberg, Cologne), at the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae . Munich), at the Papyrology Department of the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford), she has also worked - thanks to the Europa Scholarship (1994-95) granted by the aforementioned Foundation - at the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut in Rome, at the University of Rome La Sapienza and in the codex section of the Vatican Library and the Biblioteca Maruccelliana (Florence). He is a member of the teaching staff of the Doctorate in "Storia del Pensiero e delle Istituzioni Giuridiche" (Università del Mediterraneo-Reggio Calabria); of the Master in Family Law (Supreme Court and High Court of Justice of Mexico City); of the Master in European Integration, of the Institute of European Studies of the UAB.

    She has given courses, seminars and conferences in Spanish and foreign universities (Sorbonne, Amsterdam, Utrecht, Salzburg, Graz, Köln, München, Szèged, Athens, Sofia, Rome, Naples, Teramo, Soverato, Lecce, Alguero, Reggio Calabria, Milan, Buenos Aires, Lima, Cochabamba, Mexico D.F., etc.) and regularly participates in congresses and scientific meetings on Roman Law, Legal Epigraphy, Comparative Law, European and Anglo-American integration systems.

    Substitute Magistrate of the High Court of Justice of Catalonia. She is an appointed member of the Accademia dei Giusprivatisti Europei (Gandolfi Project for the design of a new European Code of Contracts, based in Pavia). Member of the Société d'Histoire du Droit, of the Société Fernand de Visscher, of the Sociedad Española de Estudios Clásicos, of the Editorial Board of the journals: "Minima Epigraphica e Papyrologica" (Reggio Calabria), "Seminarios Complutenses de Derecho Romano" (Universidad Complutense. Madrid), "Annaeus. Annales de la Tradición Romanística" (University of Seville; of the journal "Nova Tellus", of the Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas de la UNAM, Mexico City. He has been a member of the International Jury for the Gérard Boulvert Prize since 2001.

                    She has held academic posts (Vice-Dean of International Relations at the Faculty of Law of the University of the Balearic Islands; Director of the Erasmus Programme at the same University from 1991 to 1998; Coordinator of the Roman Law Department at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, from 1998). In all the centres where she has worked, she has worked with interest to increase the bibliographic resources for research in the Sciences of Antiquity (Roman Law, Latin Philology, Epigraphy, Papyrology, Ancient History) and in Comparative Law, as well as to activate the exchange of teachers from other countries, through the organisation of Conferences, Seminars and Congresses. He has been a member of Master's and PhD thesis tribunals, and of scholarship selection committees (La Caixa-Deutschland; AGAUR, Generalitat Catalana). He has chaired and acted as a member of national Selection Boards for University Teaching Staff. Member of the national panel of experts of ANECA (Ministry of Science and Innovation), in the "ACADEMIA" Programme; member of the national panel of experts of ANEP (Ministry of Science and Innovation); Member of the National Commission for the selection of Teaching Staff (ANECA).

    Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

    In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

    • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
    • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
    • SDG 13 - Climate Action
    • SDG 14 - Life Below Water
    • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
    • SDG 17 - Partnerships for the Goals

    Education/Academic qualification

    Ph. D., Derecho, Universidad de Navarra

    Award Date: 1 Jan 1980

    Degree, Derecho, Universidad de Navarra

    Award Date: 1 Jan 1975

    External positions

    Profesora visitante, University of Cologne

    15 May 199714 Jul 1997

    Vicedecana. Relaciones Internacionales., Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)

    1 Nov 19951 Feb 1997

    Tutora del programa Intercampus, Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)

    1 Jan 19951 Jan 1997

    Tutora del programa Leonardo, Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)

    1 Jan 19951 Jan 1998

    Coordinadora del programa Erasmus, Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)

    1 Jan 199211 Aug 1998


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