Ultrasensitive bacterial sensing using a disposable all-in-one amperometric platform with self-noise cancellation

Joan Aymerich, Amparo Ferrer-Vilanova, Jose Cisneros-Fernández, Roger Escudé-Pujol, Gonzalo Guirado, Lluís Terés, Michele Dei, xavier munoz berbel, Francisco Serra-Graells

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Resum

The early detection of very low bacterial concentrations is key to minimize the healthcare and safety issues associated with microbial infections, food poisoning or water pollution. In amperometric integrated circuits for electrochemical sensors, flicker noise is still the main bottleneck to achieve ultrasensitive detection with small footprint, cost-effective and ultra-low power instrumentation. Current strategies rely on autozeroing or chopper stabilization causing negative impacts on chip size and power consumption. This work presents a 27-μW potentiostatic-amperometric Delta-Sigma modulator able to cancel its own flicker noise and provide a 4-fold improvement in the limit of detection. The 2.3-mm2 all-in-one CMOS integrated circuit is glued to an inkjet-printed electrochemical sensor. Measurements show that the limit of detection is 15 pArms, the extended dynamic range reaches 110 dB and linearity is R2 = 0.998. The disposable device is able to detect, in less than 1h, live bacterial concentrations as low as 102 CFU/mL from a 50-μL droplet sample, which is equivalent to 5 microorganisms
Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’article115342
Nombre de pàgines9
RevistaBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volum234
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 15 d’ag. 2023

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