Threonine phosphorylation of rat liver glycogen synthase

Joaquín Arino, Montserrat Arró, Joan J. Guinovart

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32P-labeled glycogen synthase specifically immunoprecipitated from 32P-phosphate incubated rat hepatocytes contains, in addition to [32P] phosphoserine, significant levels of [32P] phosphothreonine (7% of the total [32P] phosphoaminoacids). When the 32P-immunoprecipitate was cleaved with CNBr, the [32P] phosphothreonine was recovered in the large CNBr fragment (CB-2, Mapp 28 Kd). Homogeneous rat liver glycogen synthase was phosphorylated by all the protein kinases able to phosphorylate CB-2 "in vitro" (casein kinases I and II, cAMP-dependent protein kinase and glycogen synthase kinase-3). After analysis of the immunoprecipitated enzyme for phosphoaminoacids, it was observed that only casein kinase II was able to phosphorylate on threonine and 32P-phosphate was only found in CB-2. These results demonstrate that rat liver glycogen synthase is phosphorylated at threonine site(s) contained in CB-2 and strongly indicate that casein kinase II may play a role in the "in vivo" phosphorylation of liver glycogen synthase. This is the first protein kinase reported to phosphorylate threonine residues in liver glycogen synthase. © 1985.
Idioma originalEnglish
Pàgines (de-a)987-993
RevistaBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 15 d’ag. 1985


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