Leishmania Infection in Wild Lagomorphs and Domestic Dogs in North-East Spain

Oscar Cabezón, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Maria Puig Ribas, Catarina Jota Baptista, Diana Gassó, Roser Velarde, Xavier Fernández Aguilar, Laia Solano-Gallego

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Resum

Leishmania infantum is a zoonotic protozoan parasite transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. Dogs are the main reservoir for human infections. In recent years, outbreaks of human leishmaniasis have been reported in different regions of Spain associated with the Iberian hare and European rabbit. However, there is a notable scarcity of information regarding L. infantum infection in the European hare and in Northeastern Spain where this species occurs. The present study aimed to assess Leishmania spp. exposure and infection in lagomorphs and sympatric domestic dogs in NE Spain. Results suggest a more important role for the European rabbit than the European hare in the epidemiology of this parasite in NE Spain. Given the strong correlation between lagomorph densities and human leishmaniasis outbreaks in Spain, the high rabbit and human densities in NE Spain, and the high Leishmania spp. seroprevalence in rabbits, it becomes relevant to establish surveillance programs for lagomorphs in this region.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’article1080
RevistaAnimals
Volum14
Número7
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2 d’abr. 2024

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