Immunohistochemical evaluation of fibrin/fibrinogen, D-dimers, and intravascular thrombosis in brains of dogs with meningoencephalitis of unknown origin

M. Raposo, C. de la Fuente, M. Pumarola, J. Ríos, S. Añor*

*Autor corresponent d’aquest treball

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Resum

Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) and necrotizing encephalitides (NE) are the most common immune-mediated inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system in dogs. Activation of the fibrinolytic system in multiple sclerosis, a similar immune-mediated disease affecting the central nervous system in humans, seems to be related to disease progression. The aim of this study was to identify fibrin/fibrinogen and D-dimer deposition, as well as presence of intravascular thrombosis (IVT) in brains of dogs with a diagnosis of GME or NE. Immunohistochemical studies using antibodies against fibrin/fibrinogen and D-dimers were performed. Statistical analyses were performed to determine whether there were differences in the presence and location of fibrin/fibrinogen, D-dimers deposits, and IVT between GME and NE. Samples from sixty-four dogs were included in the study: 32 with a diagnosis of GME and 32 with a diagnosis of NE. Fibrin/fibrinogen depositions were detected in all samples and D-dimers were detected in 43/64 samples. IVT was present in 29/64 samples, with a significantly higher score in samples from dogs with NE than in samples from dogs with GME (P = 0.001). These data support hemostatic system activation in both diseases, especially NE. This finding might be related to the origin of the necrotic lesions seen in NE, which could represent chronic ischemic lesions. Further studies are needed to investigate the association between vascular lesions and the histopathological differences between GME and NE and the hemostatic system as a potential therapeutic target.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’article106018
Pàgines (de-a)1-5
Nombre de pàgines5
RevistaVeterinary Journal
Volum298-299
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 d’ag. 2023

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