Graphical Representation of Overlap for OVErviews : GROOVE tool

Javier Pérez-Bracchiglione, Nicolás Meza, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Ena Pery Niño de Guzmán, Gerard Urrútia, X. (Xavier) Bonfill, Eva Madrid

Producció científica: Contribució a una revistaArticleRecercaAvaluat per experts

51 Cites (Scopus)


Overlap of primary studies among systematic reviews (SRs) is one of the main methodological challenges when conducting overviews. If not assessed properly, overlapped primary studies may mislead findings, since they may have a major influence either in qualitative analyses or in statistical weight. Moreover, overlapping SRs may represent the existence of duplicated efforts. Matrices of evidence and the calculation of the overall corrected covered area (CCA) are appropriate methods to address this issue, but they seem to be not comprehensive enough. In this article we present Graphical Representation of Overlap for OVErviews (GROOVE), an easy-to-use tool for overview authors. Starting from a matrix of evidence, GROOVE provides the number of included primary studies and SRs included in the matrix; the absolute number of overlapped and non-overlapped primary studies; and an overall CCA assessment. The tool also provides a detailed CCA assessment for each possible pair of SRs (or "nodes"), with a graphical and easy-to-read representation of these results. Additionally, it includes an advanced optional usage, incorporating structural missingness in the matrix. In this article, we show the details about how to use GROOVE, what results it achieves and how the tool obtains these results. GROOVE is intended to improve the overlap assessment by making it easier, faster, and more friendly for both authors and readers. The tool is freely available at and
Idioma originalEnglish
Pàgines (de-a)0381-388
Nombre de pàgines8
RevistaResearch Synthesis Methods
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2022


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