Effect of long-term acid gastric inhibition on bacterial translocation in cirrhotic rats

Elisabet Sánchez, Germán Soriano, Beatriz Mirelis, Begoña Gonzalez, Juan C. Nieto, Silvia Vidal, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Cándido Juárez, Joan Monés, Carlos Guarner

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Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Background: Bacterial translocation (BT) related to intestinal bacterial overgrowth (IBO) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of bacterial infections in cirrhosis. Inhibition of acid gastric secretion promotes IBO and might favor BT. We evaluated the effect of long-term inhibition of acid gastric secretion on BT in cirrhotic rats. Methods: Cirrhotic rats with and without ascites induced by oral CCl<inf>4</inf> and controls were randomized to treatment with a daily subcutaneous injection of placebo, ranitidine (50 mg/kg), or pantoprazole (8 mg/kg) during 2 weeks. Continuous pH-metry was performed for 2 h before and at the end of treatment; thereafter, a laparotomy to obtain samples of blood, mesenteric lymph nodes, ascites, spleen, liver, and cecal stools was performed. Results: Ranitidine and pantoprazole increased gastric pH as compared with placebo (P < 0.001). However, antisecretory drugs increased the incidence of BT only in ascitic rats treated with ranitidine (P < 0.05) or pantoprazole (P = 0.07) when compared with placebo-treated ascitic rats or cirrhotic rats without ascites treated with the same drug. Cirrhotic ascitic rats treated with pantoprazole showed a trend toward an increased incidence of IBO (P = 0.08), a higher ileal malondialdehyde level (P < 0.01), and an increased production of tumor necrosis factor-α (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Although inhibition of acid gastric secretion increased gastric pH in all animals, the incidence of BT increased only in ascitic rats, and it was associated with a trend toward an increase in IBO incidence, a higher ileal malondialdehyde level, and an increased production of serum tumor necrosis factor-α. Therefore, antisecretory drugs should be carefully administered to cirrhotic ascitic patients.
Idioma originalEnglish
Pàgines (de-a)570-576
RevistaEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 de gen. 2015


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